Countries Compared by Government > Government type. International Statistics at NationMaster.com

Afghanistan Islamic republic Albania parliamentary democracy Algeria republic American Samoa NA Andorra parliamentary democracy (since

Afghanistan

Islamic republic

Albania

parliamentary democracy

Algeria

republic

American Samoa

NA

Andorra

parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its chiefs of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seu d’Urgell, Spain, who are represented in Andorra by the coprinces’ representatives

Angola

republic; multiparty presidential regime

Anguilla

NA

Antarctica

Antarctic Treaty Summary – the Antarctic region is governed by a system known as the Antarctic Treaty System; the system includes: 1. the Antarctic Treaty, signed on 1 December 1959 and entered into force on 23 June 1961, which establishes the legal framework for the management of Antarctica, 2. Recommendations and Measures adopted at meetings of Antarctic Treaty countries, 3. The Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (1972), 4. The Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (1980), and 5. The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (1991); the 33rd Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting was held in Punta del Este, Uruguay in May 2010; at these periodic meetings, decisions are made by consensus (not by vote) of all consultative member nations; by April 2010, there were 48 treaty member nations: 28 consultative and 20 non-consultative; consultative (decision-making) members include the seven nations that claim portions of Antarctica as national territory (some claims overlap) and 21 non-claimant nations; the US and Russia have reserved the right to make claims; the US does not recognize the claims of others; Antarctica is administered through meetings of the consultative member nations; decisions from these meetings are carried out by these member nations (with respect to their own nationals and operations) in accordance with their own national laws; the years in parentheses indicate when a consultative member-nation acceded to the Treaty and when it was accepted as a consultative member, while no date indicates the country was an original 1959 treaty signatory; claimant nations are – Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, NZ, Norway, and the UK; nonclaimant consultative nations are – Belgium, Brazil (1975/1983), Bulgaria (1978/1998), China (1983/1985), Ecuador (1987/1990), Finland (1984/1989), Germany (1979/1981), India (1983/1983), Italy (1981/1987), Japan, South Korea (1986/1989), Netherlands (1967/1990), Peru (1981/1989), Poland (196
Article 1 – area to be used for peaceful purposes only; military activity, such as weapons testing, is prohibited, but military personnel and equipment may be used for scientific research or any other peaceful purpose; Article 2 – freedom of scientific investigation and cooperation shall continue; Article 3 – free exchange of information and personnel, cooperation with the UN and other international agencies; Article 4 – does not recognize, dispute, or establish territorial claims and no new claims shall be asserted while the treaty is in force; Article 5 – prohibits nuclear explosions or disposal of radioactive wastes; Article 6 – includes under the treaty all land and ice shelves south of 60 degrees 00 minutes south and reserves high seas rights; Article 7 – treaty-state observers have free access, including aerial observation, to any area and may inspect all stations, installations, and equipment; advance notice of all expeditions and of the introduction of military personnel must be given; Article 8 – allows for jurisdiction over observers and scientists by their own states; Article 9 – frequent consultative meetings take place among member nations; Article 10 – treaty states will discourage activities by any country in Antarctica that are contrary to the treaty; Article 11 – disputes to be settled peacefully by the parties concerned or, ultimately, by the ICJ; Articles 12, 13, 14 – deal with upholding, interpreting, and amending the treaty among involved nations; other agreements – some 200 recommendations adopted at treaty consultative meetings and ratified by governments; a mineral resources agreement was signed in 1988 but remains unratified; the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty was signed 4 October 1991 and entered into force 14 January 1998; this agreement provides for the protection of the Antarctic environment through six specific annexes: 1) environmental impact assessment, 2) conservation of Antarctic fauna and flora, 3) waste disposal and waste management, 4) prevention of marine pollution, 5) area protection and management and 6) liability arising from environmental emergencies; it prohibits all activities relating to mineral resources except scientific research; a permanent Antarctic Treaty Secretariat was established in 2004 in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Antigua and Barbuda

constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government and a Commonwealth realm

Argentina

republic

Armenia

republic

Aruba

parliamentary democracy

Australia

federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Austria

federal republic

Azerbaijan

republic

Bahrain

constitutional monarchy

Bangladesh

parliamentary democracy

Barbados

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Belarus

republic in name, although in fact a dictatorship

Belgium

federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy

Belize

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Benin

republic

Bermuda

parliamentary; self-governing territory

Bhutan

constitutional monarchy

Bolivia

republic

Bosnia and Herzegovina

emerging federal democratic republic

Botswana

parliamentary republic

Brazil

federal republic

British Virgin Islands

NA

Brunei

constitutional sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy)

Bulgaria

parliamentary democracy

Burkina Faso

parliamentary republic

Burma

parliamentary government took power in March 2011

Burundi

republic

Cambodia

multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy

Cameroon

republic; multiparty presidential regime

Canada

a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy

Cape Verde

republic

Cayman Islands

parliamentary democracy

Central African Republic

republic

Chad

republic

Chile

republic

China

Communist state

Christmas Island

NA

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

NA

Colombia

republic; executive branch dominates government structure

Comoros

republic

Congo, Republic of the

republic

Cook Islands

self-governing parliamentary democracy

Costa Rica

democratic republic

Cote d’Ivoire

republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960

Croatia

parliamentary democracy

Cuba

Communist state

Cyprus

republic

Czech Republic

parliamentary democracy

Democratic Republic of the Congo

republic

Denmark

constitutional monarchy

Djibouti

republic

Dominica

parliamentary democracy

Dominican Republic

democratic republic

East Timor

republic

Ecuador

republic

Egypt

republic

El Salvador

republic

Equatorial Guinea

republic

Eritrea

transitional government

Estonia

parliamentary republic

Ethiopia

federal republic

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

NA

Faroe Islands

NA

Federated States of Micronesia

constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004

Fiji

republic

Finland

republic

France

republic

French Polynesia

parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivity

Gabon

republic; multiparty presidential regime

Georgia

republic

Germany

federal republic

Ghana

constitutional democracy

Gibraltar

NA

Greece

parliamentary republic

Greenland

parliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy

Grenada

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Guam

NA

Guatemala

constitutional democratic republic

Guernsey

parliamentary democracy

Guinea

republic

Guinea-Bissau

republic

Guyana

republic

Haiti

republic

Holy See (Vatican City)

ecclesiastical

Honduras

democratic constitutional republic

Hong Kong

limited democracy

Hungary

parliamentary democracy

Iceland

constitutional republic

India

federal republic

Indonesia

republic

Iran

theocratic republic

Iraq

parliamentary democracy

Ireland

republic, parliamentary democracy

Isle of Man

parliamentary democracy

Israel

parliamentary democracy

Italy

republic

Jamaica

constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Japan

a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy

Jersey

parliamentary democracy

Jordan

constitutional monarchy

Kazakhstan

republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Kenya

republic

Kiribati

republic

Kosovo

republic

Kuwait

constitutional emirate

Kyrgyzstan

republic

Laos

Communist state

Latvia

parliamentary democracy

Lebanon

republic

Lesotho

parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Liberia

republic

Libya

operates under a transitional government

Liechtenstein

hereditary constitutional monarchy

Lithuania

parliamentary democracy

Luxembourg

constitutional monarchy

Macau

limited democracy

Madagascar

republic

Malawi

multiparty democracy

Malaysia

constitutional monarchy

Maldives

republic

Mali

republic

Malta

republic

Marshall Islands

constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 21 October 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004

Mauritania

military junta

Mauritius

parliamentary democracy

Mayotte

NA

Mexico

federal republic

Moldova

republic

Monaco

constitutional monarchy

Mongolia

parliamentary

Montenegro

republic

Montserrat

NA

Morocco

constitutional monarchy

Mozambique

republic

Namibia

republic

Nauru

republic

Nepal

federal democratic republic

Netherlands

constitutional monarchy

Netherlands Antilles

parliamentary

New Caledonia

parliamentary representative democracy

New Zealand

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Nicaragua

republic

Niger

republic

Nigeria

federal republic

Niue

self-governing parliamentary democracy

Norfolk Island

NA

North Korea

Communist state one-man dictatorship

Northern Mariana Islands

commonwealth; self-governing with locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, and legislature

Norway

constitutional monarchy

Oman

monarchy

Pakistan

federal republic

Palau

constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 1 October 1994

Panama

constitutional democracy

Papua New Guinea

constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Paraguay

constitutional republic

Peru

constitutional republic

Philippines

republic

Pitcairn Islands

NA

Poland

republic

Portugal

republic; parliamentary democracy

Puerto Rico

commonwealth

Qatar

emirate

Republic of Macedonia

parliamentary democracy

Romania

republic

Russia

federation

Rwanda

republic; presidential, multiparty system

Saint Kitts and Nevis

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Saint Lucia

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

parliamentary representative democracy

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Samoa

parliamentary democracy

San Marino

republic

Sao Tome and Principe

republic

Saudi Arabia

monarchy

Senegal

republic

Serbia

republic

Serbia and Montenegro

republic

Seychelles

republic

Sierra Leone

constitutional democracy

Singapore

parliamentary republic

Slovakia

parliamentary democracy

Slovenia

parliamentary republic

Solomon Islands

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Somalia

in the process of building a federated parliamentary republic

South Africa

republic

South Korea

republic

South Sudan

republic

Spain

parliamentary monarchy

Sri Lanka

republic

Sudan

Federal republic ruled by the National Congress Party the (NCP), which came to power by military coup in 1989; the CPA-mandated Government of National Unity, which since 2005 provided a percentage of leadership posts to the south Sudan-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), was disbanded following the secession of South Sudan.

Suriname

constitutional democracy

Svalbard

NA

Swaziland

monarchy

Sweden

constitutional monarchy

Switzerland

formally a confederation but similar in structure to a federal republic

Syria

republic under an authoritarian regime

Taiwan

multiparty democracy

Tajikistan

republic

Tanzania

republic

Thailand

constitutional monarchy

The Bahamas

constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

The Gambia

republic

Togo

republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule

Tokelau

NA

Tonga

constitutional monarchy

Trinidad and Tobago

parliamentary democracy

Tunisia

republic

Turkey

republican parliamentary democracy

Turkmenistan

defines itself as a secular democracy and a presidential republic; in actuality displays authoritarian presidential rule, with power concentrated within the presidential administration

Turks and Caicos Islands

NA

Tuvalu

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Uganda

republic

Ukraine

republic

United Arab Emirates

federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates

United Kingdom

constitutional monarchy and Commonwealth realm

United States

Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition

Uruguay

constitutional republic

Uzbekistan

republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Vanuatu

parliamentary republic

Venezuela

federal republic

Vietnam

Communist state

Virgin Islands

NA

Wallis and Futuna

parliamentary representive democratic French overseas collectivity

Western Sahara

legal status of territory and issue of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and Polisario Front (Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro), which in February 1976 formally proclaimed a government-in-exile, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), near Tindouf, Algeria, led by President Mohamed ABDELAZIZ

Yemen

republic

Zambia

republic

Zimbabwe

parliamentary democracy

Source Article